(the sun), the founder of the Persian empire—see 2 Chronicles 36:22-23; Daniel 6:28; 10:1, 13—was, according to the common legend, the son of Cambyses, a Persian of the royal family of the Achaemenidae. When he grew up to manhood his courage and genius placed him at the head of the Persians. His conquests were numerous and brilliant. He defeated and captured the Median king B.C. 559. In B.C. 546 he defeated Croesus, and the kingdom of Lydia was the prize of his success. Babylon fell before his army, and the ancient dominions of Assyria were added to his empire B.C. 538. The prophet Daniel’s home for a time was at his court (Daniel 6:28). The edict of Cyrus for the rebuilding of the temple (2 Chronicles 36:22-23; Ezra 1:1-4; 3:7; 4:3; 5:13, 17; 6:3) was in fact the beginning of Judaism, and the great changes by which the nation was transformed into a church are clearly marked. His tomb is still shown at Pasargadae, the scene of his first decisive victory.
Smith's Bible Names Dictionary (1866).