(whom God sees), a king of Damascus. He appears to have been previously a person in a high position at the court of Ben-hadad and was sent by his master to Elisha to inquire if he would recover from the malady under which he was suffering. Elisha’s answer led to the murder of Ben-hadad by his ambitious servant, who forthwith mounted the throne (2 Kings 8:7-15). He was soon engaged in war with the kings of Judah and Israel for the possession of the city of Ramoth-gilead (2 Kings 8:28). Towards the close of the reign of Jehu, Hazael led the Syrians against the Israelites, whom he “smote in all their coasts” (2 Kings 10:32), thus accomplishing the prophecy of Elisha (2 Kings 8:12). At the close of his life, having taken Gath (2 Kings 12:17, comp. Amos 6:2), he proceeded to attack Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 24:24) and was about to assault the city when Joash bribed him to retire (2 Kings 12:18). Hazael died having reigned forty-six years (2 Kings 13:24).
Smith's Bible Names Dictionary (1866).