(whom Jehovah sets up), called Eliakim, son of Josiah and king of Judah. After deposing Jehoahaz, Pharaoh-necho set Eliakim, his elder brother, upon the throne, and changed his name to Jehoiakim. For four years Jehoiakim was subject to Egypt, when Nebuchadnezzar, after a short siege, entered Jerusalem, took the king prisoner, bound him in fetters to carry him to Babylon, and took also some of the precious vessels of the temple and carried them to the land of Shinar. Jehoiakim became tributary to Nebuchadnezzar after his invasion of Judah, and continued so for three years, but at the end of that time broke his oath of allegiance and rebelled against him (2 Kings 24:1). Nebuchadnezzar sent against him numerous bands of Chaldeans, with Syrians, Moabites, and Ammonites (2 Kings 24:7) and who cruelly harassed the whole country. Either in an engagement with some of these forces or else by the hand of his own oppressed subjects Jehoiakim came to a violent end in the eleventh year of his reign. His body was cast out ignominiously on the ground, and then was dragged away and buried “with the burial of an ass,” without pomp or lamentation, “beyond the gates of Jerusalem” (Jeremiah 22:18-19; 36:30). All the accounts we have of Jehoiakim concur in ascribing to him a vicious and irreligious character (2 Kings 23:37; 24:9; 2 Chronicles 36:5). The reign of Jehoiakim extends from B.C. 609 to B.C. 598, or, as some reckon, 599.
Smith's Bible Names Dictionary (1866).