(enlarger of the people), son of Solomon by the Ammonite princess Naamah (1 Kings 14:21, 31) and his successor (1 Kings 11:43). Rehoboam selected Shechem as the place of his coronation, probably as an act of concession to the Ephraimites. The people demanded a remission of the severe burdens imposed by Solomon, and Rehoboam, rejecting the advice of his father’s counsellors, followed that of his young courtiers, and returned an insulting answer, which led to an open rebellion among the tribes, and he was compelled to fly to Jerusalem, Judah and Benjamin alone remaining true to him. Jeroboam was made king of the northern tribes (see Jeroboam). An expedition to reconquer Israel was forbidden by the prophet Shemaiah (1 Kings 12:21). Still, during Rehoboam’s lifetime peaceful relations between Israel and Judah were never restored (2 Chronicles 12:15; 1 Kings 14:30). In the fifth year of Rehoboam’s reign the country was invaded by a host of Egyptians and other African nations under Shishak. Jerusalem itself was taken, and Rehoboam had to purchase an ignominious peace by delivering up the treasures with which Solomon had adorned the temple and palace. The rest of Rehoboam’s life was unmarked by any events of importance. He died after a reign of 17 years, having ascended the throne at the age of 41 (1 Kings 14:21; 2 Chronicles 12:13). He had 18 wives, 60 concubines, 28 sons and 60 daughters.
Smith's Bible Names Dictionary (1866).