(prince of the sea), one of the greatest of the Assyrian kings, is mentioned by name but once in scripture (Isaiah 20:1). He was the successor of Shalmaneser and was Sennacherib’s father and seems to have been a usurper. He was undoubtedly a great and successful warrior. In his annals, which cover a space of fifteen years, he gives an account of his warlike expeditions against Babylonia and Susiana on the south, Media on the east, Armenia and Cappadocia toward the north, Syria, Palestine, Arabia, and Egypt toward the west and southwest. He took Ashdod by one of his generals, which is the event which causes the mention of his name in scripture. It is not as a warrior only that Sargon deserves special mention among the Assyrian kings. He was also the builder of useful works, and of one of the most magnificent of the Assyrian palaces.
Smith's Bible Names Dictionary (1866).