(hill city), one of the four cities of the Hivites, the inhabitants of which made a league with Joshua (Joshua 9:3-15) and thus escaped the fate of Jericho and Ai (comp. Joshua 11:19). Gibeon lay within the territory of Benjamin (Joshua 18:25) and with its “suburbs” was allotted to the priests (Joshua 21:17) of whom it became afterwards a principal station. It retains its ancient name almost intact, el-Jib . Its distance from Jerusalem by the main road is about 6 1/2 miles; but there is a more direct road reducing it to five miles.
Smith's Bible Names Dictionary (1866)