Zoba or Zobah
(station), the name of a portion of Syria which formed a separate kingdom in the time of the Jewish monarchs Saul, David, and Solomon. It probably was eastward of Coele-Syria and extended thence northeast and east toward, if not even to, the Euphrates. We first hear of Zobah in the time of Saul, when we find it mentioned as a separate country, governed apparently by a number of kings who owned no common head or chief (1 Samuel 14:47). Some forty years later than this we find Zobah under a single ruler, Hadadezer son of Rehob. He had wars with Toi king of Hamath (2 Samuel 8:10) and held various petty Syrian princes as vassals under his yoke (2 Samuel 10:19). David (2 Samuel 8:3) attacked Hadadezer in the early part of his reign, defeated his army, and took from him a thousand chariots, seven hundred horsemen (1 Chronicles 18:4), and 20,000 footmen. Hadadezer’s allies, the Syrians of Damascus, were defeated in a great battle. The wealth of Zobah is very apparent in the narrative of this campaign. A man of Zobah, Rezon son of Eliadah, made himself master of Damascus, where he proved a fierce adversary to Israel all through the reign of Solomon (1 Kings 11:23-25). Solomon also was, it would seem, engaged in a war with Zobah itself (2 Chronicles 8:3). This is the last that we hear of Zobah in scripture. The name, however, is found at a later date in the inscriptions of Assyria, where the kingdom of Zobah seems to intervene between Hamath and Damascus.
Smith's Bible Names Dictionary (1866)